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Authored Books 

  • “THE PROTECTION OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY IN INTERNATIONAL LAW” Oxford University Press, 2016
  • “DER EUROPÄISCHE  INVESTITIONSSCHUTZ FÜR DATENBANKEN VOR DEM HINTERGRUND INTERNATIONALER ABKOMMEN” (The European Legal Protection of Investments in Databases in Relation to International Treaties on Intellectual Property and International Trade), Peter Lang International, Frankfurt a.M. (2004), pp.1-348

Edited Books

  • EU Bilateral Trade Agreements and Intellectual Property: For Better or Worse? Co-editors J. Drexl and S. Nadde-Phlix, Springer (2013)
  • Nutzergenerierte Inhalte als Gegenstand des Privatrechts – Aktuelle Probleme des Web 2.0 (user-generated content and private law) co-editors: N. Klass and S. von Lewinski), Springer (2010)

Refereed Articles in Academic Journals

  • Challenging Compliance with international Intellectual Property Norms in Investor-State Dispute Settlement, Journal of International Economic Law (JIEL), Special Issue on Intellectual Property and Investment Protection, Spring 201(in addition to the article, I organized the special issue and served as its guest editor)
  • Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements, European Intellectual Property Review (EIPR), Vol.36 Issue 4 (2014), pp.207-211
  • Introducing the Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements, International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (IIC), Volume 44, Issue 8 (2013), pp.873-877
  • Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements, (together with J Drexl, R Hilty, G Dinwoodie, C Correa, P Roffe, X Seuba, S Frankel, A Kur, S Nadde Phlix, H Hestermeyer, T Jaeger, M Bakhoum, M Lamping, B Mercurio, P Yu, J De Beer) International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (IIC), Volume 44, Issue 8 (2013), pp.878-883
  • An International Trade Perspective on Transit Seizures, Tijdschrift op het gebied van Merken- en Modellenrecht / Magazine dans le domaine du droit des marques et modèles (BMM Bulletin), Vol.39 No.3-4 (2013), 142-149
  • A Conflict-of-Laws Approach to Competing Rationalities in International Law: The Case of Plain Packaging between IP, Trade, Investment and Health, Journal of Private International Law, Vol.9 No.2, pp.309-348 (2013)
  • The International Legal Framework for the Protection of Utility Models, The WIPO Journal, Vol.4, pp.175-190 (2013) – reprinted in: European Intellectual Property Law (edited by Jan Rosen), Edward Elgar (2015)
  • The Role of TRIPS in a Fragmented IP World, International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law Vol.43 No.8 (2012) pp.881-884
  • Internationaler Investitionsschutz und geistiges Eigentum (International Investment Law and Intellectual Property), in Zeitschrift für Geistiges Eigentum (Intellectual Property Journal), Vol.4 No.1 (2012), p.1-33 – translated (by Karin Grau-Kuntz) and reprinted in REVISTA JURÍDICA DO CESUCA as “PROTEÇÃO INTERNACIONAL DO INVESTIMENTO E PROPRIEDADE INTELECTUAL” (2013), p.188-218 (online available at http://ojs.cesuca.edu.br/index.php/revistajuridica)
  • “Opinion of European Academics on ACTA”, together with R. D’Erme, Ch. Geiger, C. Heinze, T. Jaeger, R. Matulionyte, A. Metzger, published in the Journal of Intellectual Property, Information Technology and E-Commerce Law (JIPITEC) Vol. 2, 65 (2011)
  • "The International Law Relation Between TRIPS and Subsequent TRIPS-Plus Free Trade Agreements: Towards Safeguarding TRIPS Flexibilities?" Journal of Intellectual Property Law, Vol.18, No.2 (2011), pp.327-365 – available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1849204
  • “A Trade Agreement Creating Barriers to International Trade? ACTA Border Measures and Goods in Transit” published in American University International Law Review Vol.26, No.3 (2011), pp.645-726 and as Society of International Economic Law (SIEL), Second Biennial Global Conference paper, (July 8-10, 2010) available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1706567
  • “The Role of Atypical Acts in EU External Trade and Intellectual Property Policy” together with T Jaeger and R Kordic, published in the European Journal of International Law, Vol. 21 No.4 (2010), pp. 901-939
  • “CHINA – INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS: IMPLICATIONS FOR TRIPS-PLUS BORDER MEASURES”, published in the Journal of World Intellectual Property Vol.13, No 5 (2010), pp.620-638
  • “Statement of the Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition and Tax Law on the Review of EU Legislation on Customs Enforcement of Intellectual Property Rights” together with J. Drexl, R. Hilty, and T. Jaeger (May 28, 2010), published in the International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law, Vol.41 No.6 (2010) pp.674-694 – published also as Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper No. 10-08 - available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1622619
  • “A Real Partnership for Development? Sustainable Development as Treaty Objective in European Economic Partnership Agreements and Beyond” published in the Journal of International Economic Law, Vol. 13 No.1 (March 2010), pp.139-180 – Oxford University Press, online available at   http://jiel.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/jgp044?ijkey=yQv2Lzqxz3jSyyI&keytype=ref
  • “Time for a Paradigm Shift? Exploring Maximum Standards in International Intellectual Property Protection” published in the Journal Trade, Law and Development, Vol.1 No.1 (2009), pp.56-102, also available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1457416 – reprinted in: L Helfer (Editor) Intellectual Property and Human Rights, (Edward Elgar, 2013)
  • “Policing Patents Worldwide? EC Border Measures against Transiting Generic Drugs under EC- and WTO Intellectual Property Regimes”, together with Thomas Jaeger, published in the International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law, (IIC) Vol.40, No.5 (2009), pp.502-538
  • “A Pirate of the Caribbean? The Attractions of Suspending TRIPS Obligations” published in the Journal of International Economic Law, Vol.11 No.2 (2008), pp.313-364 – Oxford University Press
  • “The Role of Chairman’s Statements in the WTO” published in the Journal of World Trade, Vol.41 No.3 (2007), pp.475-534 – Kluwer Law International
  • "Materielle Gegenseitigkeit bei Immaterialgüterrechten gegenüber internationalem Handelsrecht Zum Rechtsschutz amerikanischer Datenbankhersteller in der EU“ (Reciprocal protection of Intellectual Property Rights versus the Obligations under International Trade Law), published in Archiv für Urheber und Medienrecht (UFITA – Journal on Copyright and Media Law), No. III (2004), pp.859-900 – Stämpfli Verlag
  • “Electronic Agents and the Legal Protection of Non-creative Databases” published in the International Journal of Law and Information Technology – Special Issue on Electronic Agents, Vol.9 No.3 (2001), pp.295-326 – Oxford University Press
  • “Markenrecht versus Domainrecht – ein Plädoyer für die Paradigmen des Markenrechts im Rechtsvergleich” (Trademark Law versus Law of Domain Names) together with J Apel, published in Wettbewerb in Recht und Praxis (WRP – Journal on Competition Law and Practice), Vol.46 No.9 (2000), pp.816-824 – Deutscher Fachverlag

Other Refereed Articles

Articles and Chapters in Books

  • Patentable Subject Matter under the TRIPS Agreement, together with R Romandini, in B Mercurio (ed.), Patent Law and Pharmaceutical Innovation (forthcoming, 2016)
  • The Principle of Integration in WTO/TRIPS Disputes, in M Cordonier-Segger (Editor), SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT PRINCIPLES IN THE DECISIONS OF INTERNATIONAL COURTS AND TRIBUNALS 1992–2012, Wildy & Sons (2016)
  • Intellectual Property and Trade in a Post-TRIPS Environment, forthcoming in H Ullrich, R Hilty, M Lamping, J Drexl (editors), TRIPS plus 20 - From Trade Rules to Market Principles, MPI Studies on Intellectual Property and Competition Law,  Volume 25, Springer (2016); Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 15-05 – online available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2610576
  • The CARIFORUM – EU Economic Partnership Agreement, together with Chantal Ononaiwu, in L Bartels and B Mercurio, Bilateral and Regional Trade Agreements,  Cambridge University Press (2016)
  • Investment Law and Intellectual Property Rights, in Bungenberg, Griebel, Hobe & Reinisch (editors), INTERNATIONAL INVESTMENT LAW, C H Beck, Hart & Nomos (2015), 1692-1714
  • Intellectual Property Offences, in N Boister R Currie (eds.), Handbook on Transnational Criminal Law, Routledge (2015)
  • Overlaps and Conflict Norms in Human Rights Law: Approaches of European Courts to Address Intersections with Intellectual Property Rights, in Ch. Geiger (ed), “Research Handbook on Human Rights and Intellectual Property? Cheltenham, UK, Edward Elgar (2014), 70-88; Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property & Competition Law Research Paper No. 13-18 – online available at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2356244 (18 November 2013)
  • The Legal Framework for IP Enforcement: Border Measures in P Roffe and X Seuba (editors), The ACTA and the Plurilateral Enforcement Agenda, Cambridge University Press (2014), 88-99
  • “The Impact of the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement on the Legal Framework for IP Enforcement in the European Union”, together with R. D’Erme, Ch. Geiger, C. Heinze, T. Jaeger, R. Matulionyte, A. Metzger, to be published in ‘Constructing European Intellectual Property Law’, in C. Geiger (editor), Edward Elgar, (2013) pp.394-408
  • “CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT AND INTERNATIONAL IP LAW – FROM TRIPS TO ACTA” in CRIMINAL ENFORCEMENT OF INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY: A BLESSING OR A CURSE?, C. Geiger, ed., Edward Elgar (2012), pp.171-190
  • “PROTECTING INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY UNDER BITs, FTAs, AND TRIPS: CONFLICTING REGIMES OR MUTUAL COHERENCE?” in C Brown, K Miles (Editors), Evolution in Investment Treaty Law and Arbitration, Cambridge University Press (2011), pp. 485-515 - available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1757724
  • “THE CONCEPT OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN INTERNATIONAL IP LAW – NEW APPROACHES FROM EU ECONOMIC PARTNERSHIP AGREEMENTS?” in A Kur, V Mizaras (Editors), The Structure of Intellectual Property Law – Can One Size Fit All?, Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, (2011) pp.308-342
  • Enough is Enough – The Notion of Binding Ceilings in International Intellectual Property Protection”, together with Annette Kur, in A Kur, M Levin (Editors) Intellectual Property Rights in a Fair World Trade System, Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, 2011, pp.359-407 (reprinted in M Krajewski & B Mercurio, The Library of Essays on International Trade Law and Policy, (Ashgate 2014)
  • “Assessing the Need for a General Public Interest Exception in the TRIPS Agreement”, in A Kur, M Levin (Editors) Intellectual Property Rights in a Fair World Trade System, Edward Elgar Publishing: Cheltenham, 2011, pp.168-207
  • “‘Gambling’ with Sovereignty: Complying with International Obligations or Upholding National Autonomy” in S Frankel, M Kolsky Lewis (Editors) International Economic Law and National Autonomy, Cambridge University Press (2010), pp.141-166
  • “Re-delineation of the Role of Stakeholders: IP Enforcement Beyond Exclusive Rights” in X Li & C Correa (Editors), Intellectual Property Enforcement International Perspectives (2009), pp. 43-61 – Edward Elgar and South Centre, also available at SSRN as Max Planck Papers on Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper No.09-09; http://ssrn.com/abstract=1445292
  • “Access to Knowledge under the International Copyright Regime, the WIPO Development Agenda and the European Communities’ new External Trade and IP Policy”, in E Derclaye (Editor), Research Handbook on the Future of EU Copyright (2009), pp.955-1017 – Edward Elgar Publishing; also available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1424969
  • “Proportionality and Balancing within the Objectives of Intellectual Property Protection”, in P Torremanns (Editor), Intellectual Property and Human Rights (2008), pp. 161-194 – Kluwer Law International
  • “Immaterialgüter-, Wettbewerbs- und Verbraucherschutz- Kollisionsrecht sowie gerichtliche Zuständigkeit bei Internet-Sachverhalten“ (Intellectual Property-, Unfair Competition- and Consumer Protection Choice of Law Rules and Jurisdiction of Courts on the Internet), together with T Hoeren, in M Lehmann (Editor), Electronic Business in Europa, (2002) pp.301-334 – Beck Verlag

Official Reports

  • Options for Utility Model Protection in Jordan, Report conducted for the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), January 2014 (copies can be provided on request)
  • Principles for Intellectual Property Provisions in Bilateral and Regional Agreements – online available in English, French, Spanish, and Portuguese at  http://www.ip.mpg.de/en/pub/news/fta_statement.cfm
  • “Utility Model Protection – A Feasible Option for Incentivising Incremental Innovation?” Study conducted for the World Intellectual Property Organisation, June 2012 (copies can be provided on request)
  • Sustainable Development in International Intellectual Property Law – New Approaches From EU Economic Partnership Agreements? Research Paper for the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development (ICTSD), October 2010 – online available at http://ictsd.org/i/publications/86420/  
  • “Policy Space for Domestic Public Interests Measures under TRIPS” South Centre Research Paper Series, No.22 (July 2009); online available at http://www.southcentre.org/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=1039&Itemid=1 – also  available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1542542
  • “Suspending IP Obligations under TRIPS: A viable Alternative to Enforce Prevailing WTO Rulings?” WTO Dispute Settlement Policy Paper, published by the Centre for International Environmental Law (CIEL), (2008) Geneva (Switzerland) available at http://www.ciel.org/Publications/TRIPS_IP_7May08.pdf and at SSRN http://ssrn.com/abstract=1317304
  • “Intellectual Property Aspects of Socio-Economic Research” (together with N Gnädig, K Knorpp and M Giannakoulis) published in the framework of the EU Project RESPECT as IES Report No.413 (2004)
  • “Copyright Aspects of Hyperlinking” published in ECLIP Series – Electronic Commerce legal Issues Platform, Vol.1, 2001, pp.1-33 – Lit Verlag (Muenster, Germany)
  • “Intellectual Property Aspects of Smart Card Technology” Research Report produced for the ECLIP Forum on Smart Cards Technology (London, 17th September 2001)

Refereed and Published Conference Proceedings

  • “The European Draft Common Frame of Reference – a Source of Comparative Law; a new Option for Choosing the Applicable Law; or a Template for a European Civil Code?” in ISCOM Conference Proceedings, International Seminar on Comparative Laws – Towards Interaction and Convergence of Legal Systems, (2008) Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), also available at SSRN http://ssrn.com/abstract=1319247

Working Papers

  • Litigating Intellectual Property Rights in Investor-State Arbitration: From Plain Packaging to Patent Revocation (July 8, 2014). Fourth Biennial Global Conference of the Society of International Economic Law (SIEL) Working Paper No. 2014-21; Max Planck Institute for Innovation & Competition Research Paper No. 14-13; University of Cambridge Faculty of Law Research Paper No. 52/2014. Available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2463711
  • A CONFLICT-OF-LAWS APPROACH TO COMPETING RATIONALITIES IN INTERNATIONAL LAW, Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property and Competition Law Research Paper No. 13-05 (February 2013), available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=2204980
  • THE INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE PROTECTION OF UTILITY MODELS, Paper prepared for the WIPO Regional Seminar on the Legislative, Economic and Policy Aspects of the Utility Model System, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 3-4 September 2012
  • NATIONAL SYSTEMS OF UTILITY MODELS PROTECTION THE EUROPEAN EXPERIENCE, Paper prepared for the WIPO Regional Seminar on the Legislative, Economic and Policy Aspects of the Utility Model System, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 3-4 September 2012
  • OPTIONS WITHIN THE IP SYSTEM TO PROMOTE MINOR INNOVATIONS, Paper prepared for the WIPO Regional Seminar on the Legislative, Economic and Policy Aspects of the Utility Model System, Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 3-4 September 2012
  • The (Non) Use of Treaty Object and Purpose in Intellectual Property Disputes in the WTO, Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property & Competition Law Research Paper No. 11-15, (September 28, 2011) online available at SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1939859
  • “From TRIPS to ACTA: Towards a New 'Gold Standard' in Criminal IP Enforcement?” (April 19, 2010). Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper No. 10-06,  Available on SSRN at http://ssrn.com/abstract=1592104
  • Enough is Enough – The Notion of Binding Ceilings in International Intellectual Property Protection”, together with Annette Kur, Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper No.09-01; http://ssrn.com/abstract=1326429
  • “A Comparative Analysis of Policy Space in WTO Law” (November 26, 2008) Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property, Competition & Tax Law Research Paper No. 08-02; http://ssrn.com/abstract=1309526