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  • “European Intermediary Liability in Copyright” (Kluwer Law International, Information Law Series, 2016)
  • (with L Verbauwhede Koglin and G Singh Jaiya), "Creative Expression: An Introduction to Copyright and Related Rights for Small and Medium-sized Enterprises (2nd ed., WIPO, 2023), available at:

Edited Volumes

  • (with L Guibault), Open Content Licensing: From Theory to Practice (Amsterdam University Press 2011)


  • "Το ΔΕΕ και τα αυτόματα φίλτρα περιεχομένου: αλλαγή πλεύσης ή σταθερή πορεία;" (translation: "The CJEU and automatic content filtering: a change of direction or holding steady?)" (2021) 14(3) De Jure Journal 219
  • (with M Senftleben), “The Odyssey of the Prohibition on General Monitoring Obligations”, October 2020, available on SSRN. Published in Dutch under the title ‘De reikwijdte van artikel 17 DSM richtlijn in het licht van het verbod op algemene toezichtverplichtingen: een Odyssee’ in Auteursrecht 2021(3), p. 120-142.
  • (with JP Quintais), “Fixing Copyright Reform: A Better Solution to Online Infringement” (2019) 10(2) JIPITEC, p. 147-172
  • (with M Senftleben, G Frosio, V Moscon, M Peguera and O-A Rognstad), “Recommendation on Measures to Safeguard Fundamental Rights and the Open Internet in the Framework of the EU Copyright Reform” (2018) 40(3) European Intellectual Property Review, p. 149-163
  • (with S Stalla-Bourdillon, E Rosati, K Turk, A Kuczerawy, M Peguera and M Husovec), “An academic perspective on the copyright reform” (2017) 33(1) C.L.S. Rev, p. 3-13
  • (with S Smet), "Notice-and-Fair-Balance: How to Reach a Compromise between Fundamental Rights in European Intermediary Liability" (2016) 8(2) Journal of Media Law, p. 266-309
  • “Sketching the Outline of a Ghost: the Fair Balance between Copyright and Fundamental Rights in Intermediary Liability” (2015-6) Info - The journal of policy, regulation and strategy for telecommunications, information and media, p. 72-96
  • “Are Blocking Injunctions against ISPs Allowed in Europe? Copyright Enforcement in the Post-Telekabel EU Legal Landscape” (2014) 10 Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, p. 812-821. Republished in GRUR International, Vol. 11, p. 1089-1096
  • “Beyond the Safe Harbours: Harmonising Substantive Intermediary Liability for Copyright Infringement in Europe” (2013) 3 Intellectual Property Quarterly, p. 253-274
  • “The Myth of European Term Harmonisation: 27 Public Domains for the 27 Member States” (2012) 5 International Review of Intellectual Property and Competition Law (IIC), p. 567-594
  • “Determining the Term of Protection for Films: When Does a Film Fall into the Public Domain in Europe?” IRIS plus 2012-2, European Audiovisual Observatory, Strasbourg 2012, p. 7-21
  • “Amended Directive Extends the Term of Protection for Performers and Sound Recordings” (2011) 11 GRUR International, p. 987-989
  • “Product Placement in European Audiovisual Productions”, IRIS plus 2010-3, European Audiovisual Observatory, p. 1-21
  • “Filtering the Internet for Copyrighted Content in Europe”, IRIS plus 2009-4, European Audiovisual Observatory, p. 1-12
  • (with J van Hoboken), “Workshop on Audiovisual Search: Summary of the Discussion” in Searching for Audiovisual Content (IRIS Special, European Audiovisual Observatory 2008), p. 1-10
  • “Freedom of Expression and Copyright: the Double Balancing Act” (2008) 3 Intellectual Property Quarterly, p. 328-353
  • “Modern Intellectual Property Legislation: Warm for Reform” (2008) 2 Entertainment Law Review, p. 35-40

Book Chapters

  • “How Football Changed Copyright Law: Public Performance, Communication to the Public and the Free Public Showing of Broadcast Films” in M Senftleben et al, Intellectual Property and Sports: Essays in Honour of P. Bernt Hugenholtz (Kluwer Law International 2021), p. 319-331
  • “Primary and secondary liability under EU copyright law” in E. Rosati (ed.), The Routledge Handbook of European Copyright Law (Routledge 2021), p. 193-214
  • “Harmonizing Intermediary Copyright Liability in the EU: A Summary” in Giancarlo Frosio (ed), The Oxford Handbook of Online Intermediary Liability (Oxford University Press 2020), p. 315-334
  • “European Copyright and Human Rights in the Digital Sphere” in M. Susi (ed.), Human Rights, Digital Society and the Law: A Research Companion (Routledge 2019), p. 239-258
  • “The Term Directive and the Term Extension Directive” in B Hugenholtz and T Dreier (eds), Concise European Copyright Law (2nd ed., Kluwer Law International 2016), p. 335-377
  • “Chapter IX - Creative Commons and Related Rights in Sound Recordings: Are the Two Systems Compatible?” in L Guibault & C Angelopoulos (eds.), Open Content Licensing: From Theory to Practice (Amsterdam University Press 2011), p. 243-295


Case Notes

  • (with J-P Quintais), "YouTube and Cyando Joined Cases C-682/18 and C-683/18 (22 June 2021) ECLI:EU:C:2021" (2022) 1 Auteursrecht, p. 24
  • “Communication to the Public and Technological Restrictions against ‘Framing’ Copyright Works” (2021) 80(2) Cambridge Law Journal, p. 225 - 228
  • “The Digital Exhaustion of Copyright” (2020) 79(2) Cambridge Law Journal, p. 227-230
  • "Communication to the Public and Accessory Copyright Infringement" (2017) 76(3) Cambridge Law Journal, p. 496-499
  • "Hyperlinks and Copyright Infringement" (2017) 76(1) Cambridge Law Journal, p. 32-35
  • “MTE v Hungary: New ECtHR Judgement on Intermediary Liability and Freedom of Expression” (2016) 11(8) Journal of Intellectual Property Law & Practice, p. 582-584

Book Reviews